The Latarjet operation is a surgical procedure used to treat recurrent shoulder dislocations, typically caused by bone loss or a fracture of the glenoid, and was first described by a French Surgeon Dr. Michel Latarjet in 1954 (Also known as Latarjet Bristow procedure).
The procedure involves transfer of the coracoid with its attached muscles to the deficient area over the front of the glenoid. This replaces the missing bone and the transferred muscle also acts as an additional muscular strut preventing further dislocations. The procedure has a high success rate due to the three reasons. These are: 1) Increase or restore the glenoid contact surface area. 2) The conjoint tendon stabilises the joint when the arm is abducted & externally rotated, by reinforcing the inferior subscapularis and anteroinferior capsule; 3) Repair of the capsule.